What Foods Should Parkinson’s Patients Eat to Strengthen Their Health | News

Parkinson’s is an irreversible neurodegenerative disease with multiple symptoms that require monitoring of the patient’s nutritional quality and health. Therefore, the Social Insurance – EsSalud provides advice to strengthen the diet of people suffering from this pathology, who are mostly elderly.

The nutritionist of the Guillermo Almenara hospital in EsSalud, Carmen Martinelli, indicates that the nutrition of the Parkinson’s patient depends on the severity of the disease.

The older adult, remember, can’t eat normal consistency food because most of them are missing teeth, in addition to the symptoms of the disease that prevent them from chewing and swallowing food properly.

In this situation it is suggested to opt for softer or liquid preparations, as the gastrointestinal system of these patients is also affected by constipation, which is why they should eat foods that provide fiber, such as vegetables, legumes and nuts.

The menu should include soft meats such as fish, turkey or chicken, with a side of boiled potatoes or rice, in small portions. For those with milder disease, they should consume soft consistency preparations such as ajiaco or quinoa stew.

In moderate progression of the disease, patients should opt for a diet that includes ground or minced meat to facilitate their consumption and thus take full advantage of the macro and micronutrients they need to strengthen their health.

In the same way, vegetable purees such as spinach, carrots or pumpkin should be used, as they are various foods both in color and in flavor, depending on their season. These easy-to-prepare alternatives provide a significant amount of vitamins and minerals for patients.

Those with the disease to a more severe extent should consume a mixed diet, such as vegetable soup, porridge or compote, in which the nutritional benefit of the fruit or vegetable is also utilized although it cannot be eaten whole.

It should be noted that hydration is important because it helps prevent constipation in Parkinson’s patients, as well as maintaining body temperature and improving food digestion.

“The most important and appropriate nutrients for this type of patient are vitamins and minerals such as B complex, folic acid, vitamin B12 and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Furthermore, you can opt for the consumption of supplements in capsules and if some macronutrients or proteins are missing, they must consume a protein module ”, underlines Martinelli.

Specialist EsSalud points out that meals should be spaced, several times during the day (5 to 6 times) and in small volumes to achieve better food digestion.

Each meal of the day should be accompanied by drinks, avoiding sugary and carbonated drinks. Fruit tea or drinks are recommended.

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In the world there are 300,000 people suffering from Parkinson’s and in Peru alone there are 3,000 new cases per year.

At the Guillermo Almenara hospital, between 10 and 15% of the elderly population affected by Parkinson’s are treated.

(END) NDP / RRC

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