La Nación / They recommend strengthening the defenses to deal with respiratory diseases

The immune system weakens during the winter, so defenses drop and respiratory diseases are present. In this sense, the Directorate for the Surveillance of Noncommunicable Diseases of the Ministry of Public Health recommends strengthening the immune system with good eating habits by consuming fruit and vegetables, maintaining hydration and exercising.

“Food plays an important role in the development and maintenance of the immune system, thus helping to fight viruses and bacteria that threaten our body. The consumption of fruit, vegetables and seasonal vegetables helps to increase the defenses; in this way we will be able to avoid colds, flu and other respiratory diseases ”, indicated Claralina Mendoza, nutritionist of the Directorate for the surveillance of non-communicable diseases.

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He added that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, so it must be healthy, complete and balanced. Breakfast provides 30% of the daily energy requirement, its function is very important for maintaining body temperature, especially in these days of low temperatures.

As for the consumption of typical foods, at this time of the year, days before San Juan, which are foods rich in carbohydrates and saturated fats, he advised to accompany them with vegetables or vegetable soup, but he insisted on the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables.

He also suggested the intake of cereals, yogurt, as well as dried fruits, such as almonds, walnuts and peanuts, which are sources of vitamins E and D, as well as the consumption of eggs, as they contain essential minerals for our defenses such as zinc and selenium. , and are rich in vitamins, proteins and fatty acids, promoting the prevention of infections.

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“In addition, legumes or legumes should be incorporated into the daily diet, as they also provide important health benefits, as they are a good source of protein and low in dietary fat and fiber. Fish is another important source of vitamin D, so it’s important to consume it twice a week, “she said.

Likewise, he insisted on having at least two liters of water, equivalent to 6 or 8 glasses of water per day, to maintain hydration. This can be accompanied by the consumption of tea, herbal water, fruit cooking water with sweetener (sucralose), as well as juices or smoothies with seasonal fruit. Ask to reduce salt intake to prevent increased blood pressure and fluid retention in the body and, on the other hand, avoid carbonated or carbonated drinks.

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